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Indian Philosophy »  Saṃsāra & Nirvāṇa »  Saṃsāra »  The beginning and end of cyclic existence (saṃsāra) »  Cyclicity defies the notion of beginning, middle and end »  Untenability of beginning and end in cyclic existence »  In the cycle of birth and death, birth cannot come first

In the cycle of birth and death, birth cannot come first

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Mūlamadhyamaka-kārikā of Nāgārjuna

mūlamadhyamakakārikā, section 11:3








Mūlamadhyamakavṛtti-akutobhayā of Nāgārjuna, section 11:3



Piṅgala's Commentary on Nāgārjuna's Mūla-madhyamaka-kārikā, section T30, no. 1564, 16a20


Buddhapālita-mūlamadhyamakavṛtti of Buddhapālita, section 11:3




Sthiramati's Commentary on Nāgārjuna's Mūla-madhyamaka-kārikā, section 11:3


Prasannapadā of Candrakīrtī, section 221:8



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