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Indian Philosophy »  Saṃsāra & Nirvāṇa »  Saṃsāra »  The beginning and end of cyclic existence (saṃsāra) »  Cyclicity defies the notion of beginning, middle and end »  Beginning and end are unreal conceptualizations »  No entity has a beginning

No entity has a beginning

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Mūlamadhyamaka-kārikā of Nāgārjuna

mūlamadhyamakakārikā, section 11:8








Mūlamadhyamakavṛtti-akutobhayā of Nāgārjuna, section 11:8



Piṅgala's Commentary on Nāgārjuna's Mūla-madhyamaka-kārikā, section T30, no. 1564, 16b15


Buddhapālita-mūlamadhyamakavṛtti of Buddhapālita, section 11:8




Sthiramati's Commentary on Nāgārjuna's Mūla-madhyamaka-kārikā, section T30, no. 1567, 157a2


Prasannapadā of Candrakīrtī, section 224:15



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